|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2022
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Income Taxes||Income Taxes
The components of loss before taxes are as follows (in thousands):
The provision for income taxes is as follows (in thousands):
A reconciliation of the statutory U.S. federal rate to the Company’s effective tax rate is as follows:
Significant components of the Company’s net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):
In connection with the acquisition of Uber Elevate on January 11, 2021, a deferred tax liability was established for the book versus tax basis difference associated with the contractual agreement asset (Note 5). This deferred tax liability created an additional source of income to realize the Company's deferred tax assets. As the Company continues to maintain a full valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets, this additional source of income resulted in a corresponding release of the Company’s previously recorded valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets. Consistent with the applicable guidance, this release of the valuation allowance was recorded in the consolidated statements of operations as an income tax benefit.
The following shows the changes in the gross amount of unrecognized tax benefits as follows (in thousands):
The Company has adopted the accounting policy that interest and penalties recognized are classified as part of its income taxes. The Company does not anticipate that its total unrecognized tax benefits will significantly change due to settlement of examination or the expiration of statute of limitations during the next 12 months. Due to the full valuation allowance at December 31, 2022, current adjustments to the unrecognized tax benefit will have no impact on our effective income tax rate. Any adjustments made after the valuation allowance is released will have an impact on the tax rate.
In assessing the realizability of deferred income tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred income tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Due to the uncertainty of the business in which the Company operates, projections of future profitability are difficult and past operating results are not necessarily indicative of future profitability. Management does not believe it is more likely than not that the deferred income tax assets will be realized; accordingly, a full valuation allowance has been established on net deferred income tax assets. The valuation allowance increased by $107.8 million during the year ended December 31, 2022, and by $53.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2021.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had federal net operating loss carryforwards (“NOLs”) of $516.2 million, of which approximately $15.8 million will begin to expire in 2036 and the remainder do not expire. As of December 31, 2021, the Company had federal NOLs of $448.9 million of which approximately $15.8 million will expire between 2036 and 2037 and the remainder do not expire. As of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had state NOLs of $745.0 million and $435.0 million, respectively, that will begin to expire in 2032. In addition, the Company had foreign NOLs of $9.9 million and $0.1 million as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
At December 31, 2022, the Company had federal research and development credits of $28.4 million and California research and development credits of $26.1 million. The federal credits will expire beginning 2032, while California credits have no expiration. At December 31, 2021, the Company had federal research and development credits of $17.7 million and California research and development credits of $16.3 million. The federal credits will expire beginning 2036, while California credits have no expiration.
The federal and state net operating loss and credit carryforwards may be subject to significant limitations under Sections 382 and 383 of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and similar provisions of state law. These Code sections limit the federal net operating loss and credit carryforwards that may be used in any year in the event of an “ownership change”. A Section 382 “ownership change” generally occurs if one or more shareholders or groups of shareholders, who own at least 5% of the Company’s stock, increase their ownership by more than 50 percentage points over their lowest ownership percentage within a rolling three years period. The Company may have previously experienced, and may in the future experience, one or more Section 382 “ownership changes”. If so, the Company may lose some or all of the tax benefits of its NOLs and tax credits. The extent of such limitations for prior years, if any, has not been determined.
The Company currently has no federal or state tax examinations in progress nor has it had any federal or state tax examinations since its inception. As a result of the Company’s net operating loss and credit carryforwards all of its years are subject to federal and state examination.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef